One of the most amazing things about the brain is how incredibly slow it is. Nerve impulses travel extremely slowly compared to the speed of electricity, and our fastest neurons can fire *a few* times per second . Compare that to the clock speed of a modern CPU, ~10M times faster
Yet we can produce complex behaviors in response to unexpected events in about 400-500ms (like catching an incoming object). Including muscle-brain roundtrip. This implies that each neuron involved in the computation fires at most a couple of times.
This inherent slowness, coupled with the constraint of real-time responses, must have shaped the algorithms developed by the brain in profound ways (in particular, this is likely why we need *so many* neurons). Intelligence developed on a computer might look very different.